The 10 highest mountains in Africa are distributed comparatively clearly across three mountain regions in the eastern half of the continent near the equator. Two of the four highest top peaks in Africa rise to over 5000 meters in the Kilimanjaro Mountains, which are part of the East African state of Tanzania. In Tanzania’s neighboring state Kenya, the Mount Kenya massif, which also belongs to the small group of the African 5000m, with Batian as the highest peak, is impressive. The next largest among the 10 highest mountains in Africa can be found in the Ruwenzori Mountains, which extend in the border area of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (until 1997: Zaire).
Tanzania’s giant mountains in Kilimanjaro
The world-famous Kilimanjaro Mountains, stretching over almost 5000 square kilometers in the north of Tanzania, are one of the most photographed natural beauties on the African continent. The volcanic massif, which enjoys special protection as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is estimated to be 2.5 million years old. The Kilimanjaro massif experienced its last major volcanic eruption about 300,000 years ago. Volcanic forces continue to work in the lava area below the surface.
Since a minor eruption around 1700, the highest peak of Kilimanjaro, the 5895 m towering Kibo (Kiswahili: “The Bright One”) has been considered extinct. The tip of the Kibo, which is crowned by glaciers (still) shining far into the surrounding area, was built in 1962 on the occasion of the declaration of independence Tanzania’s also called “Uhuru Peak” (“Freedom Peak”). Until then, this highest point in Africa was called “Kaiser-Wilhelm-Spitze” as a result of long-gone German colonial rule. Kibo, which is not a great challenge for mountaineers, is about 10 km long saddle ridge with the neighboring summit Mawenzi (“The Dark One”).Like the Kibo in its upper area, the glacier-less Mawenzi is characterized by frost rubble desert geology.
Kenya’s symbol mountain range Mount Kenya with the batian
The Mount Kenya massif (Masai: “Kinyaa” = “black and white mountain”) rises in central Kenya about 150 km northeast of Nairobi in the immediate vicinity of the equator.
Like the Tanzanian Kibo, the extinct volcanic massif of Mount Kenya, from which the state of Kenya took its name, fascinates with its extremely rare glacier zones near the equator between the towering peaks, of which the Batian is the highest. At 5,199 m, the Batian is not only the highest Mount Kenya mountain, but also belongs as the second highest peak in Africa like K 2 and Dufourspitze to the “Seven Second Summits”, the group of the second highest mountains of the seven continents.
In the approximately 100 square kilometer central area of the Mount Kenya massif rise above the tree line at 3200 m with the peaks Nelion (5189 m) and Lengana (4985 m), as well as the Pigott ( 4958 m) three more top ten mountain giants in Africa.
The four Ruwenzori representatives of the 10 highest mountains in Africa
Like Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya, the Congolese-Ugandan border mountains Ruwenzori have become part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site because of their ecological importance. The mountain range is named after the name for “rainmaker” in the language of the Ugandan batoro. Mount Stanley, rising exactly on the border of Uganda and DR Congo, with its twin peaks Margherita Peak (5109 m) and Alexandra Peak (5019 m) is considered the highest mountain in the range and the highest non-volcanic mountain in Africa.
Like Mount Stanley, the next higher Ruwenzori Mountains Mount Speke (4890 m), Mount Baker (4844) (both Uganda) and Mount Emin (4789 m) (DR Congo) are named after European explorers. Mount Emin got its name after the Prussian Africa explorer Eduard Schnitzer (Mehmed Emin Pascha) (1840-1892). All the giant mountains of the Ruwenzori Mountains, rising above the tree line of 4000 m, had large glaciers throughout until the beginning of the 20th century. Its scope has decreased dramatically since then. The glacier of Mount Emin has already completely disappeared, only Mount Stanley still has glacier regions of greater importance.
- Africa Annual Rainfall
- Asia Environment and Geography
- Bhutan Travel Package
- Botswana Classic Wilderness Camps
- Denmark History
- Flights Accommodation and Movement in Russia
- History of Latin America
- Independent Syria
- Madagascar Travel Package
- Mexico Travel Package
- Peru As a Tourism Country
- Regions in Asia
- St Lucia As a Tourist Country
- Travel Destinations in France
- Travel in The Middle East
- Cities and Resorts of Monaco December 13, 2022 - All cities and resorts of Monaco for travel. List of the most famous regions, regions, cities and resorts of Monaco: population, codes, distances, best descriptions and reviews of tourists. Condamine… Read more
- US 6 in Ohio December 6, 2022 - US 6 Get started Edgerton End Richmond Center Length 261 mi Length 420 km Route Indiana Edgerton Bryan Napoleon Bowling Green Burner Fremont Sandusky Huron vermilion Lorain Cleveland Chardon… Read more
- Malbork, Poland November 29, 2022 - Malbork - the Polish name, in German it sounds like Marienburg - was founded in 1276 as a castle of the Teutonic Knights. The castle, with an area of about… Read more
- Entertainment and Attractions in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates November 22, 2022 - According to wholevehicles, the Al-Kasbah pedestrian area is the most popular place for evening walks for both couples and families with children. The main sights of Sharjah are located around… Read more
- Landmarks of Saint Petersburg, Russia November 15, 2022 - According to bridgat.com, the captivating city of St. Petersburg was founded in 1703 by Peter the Great. The historic city center is part of the list of UNESCO World Heritage… Read more
- Vatican City Sights, UNESCO, Climate, and Geography October 3, 2022 - According to countryaah, Vatican City or like the country officially called the state Vatican City is the smallest independent country in the world. The country lies entirely within the city… Read more
- Portugal Sights, UNESCO, Climate, and Geography October 3, 2022 - According to countryaah, Portugal in a country in southwestern Europe that emerged after the Reconquista on the Iberian Peninsula. The country has been inhabited for thousands of years, but it… Read more
- Liechtenstein Sights, UNESCO, Climate, and Geography October 3, 2022 - According to countryaah, Liechtenstein is a principality in the central part of Europe. The microstate is one of the smallest countries in the world. Liechtenstein has land borders with Austria… Read more
- Ireland Sights, UNESCO, Climate, and Geography October 3, 2022 - According to countryaah, Ireland is located in the northwest of Europe on the island of Ireland that it shares with Northern Ireland which is part of Great Britain. Ireland has… Read more
- Estonia Sights, UNESCO, Climate, and Geography October 3, 2022 - According to countryaah, Estonia is located in the northeast ofEurope and is the smallest and easternmost country of the Baltic States. Estonia is a member of the European Union and… Read more