Salem, New Hampshire

Salem, New Hampshire, is a town located in Rockingham County in the southeastern part of the state. Known for its historic sites, natural beauty, and proximity to the Massachusetts border, Salem offers residents a mix of suburban living and rural landscapes. To gain a comprehensive understanding of the weather and climate of Salem, it’s essential to explore its seasonal variations, precipitation patterns, temperature ranges, and the influence of its geographical location.

Geography and Location:

According to Citiesplustowns, Salem is situated in southern New Hampshire, approximately 32 miles north of Boston, Massachusetts. The town is part of the Merrimack Valley region and lies near the New Hampshire-Massachusetts border. The geography of Salem includes a mix of residential areas, commercial spaces, and natural features, contributing to its diverse character.

Climate Classification:

Salem falls under the classification of a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons. This climate type typically features warm to hot summers, cold winters, and noticeable temperature variations between seasons. The influence of the Atlantic Ocean to the east moderates extreme temperature fluctuations, contributing to the region’s climate.


  1. Spring:

Spring in Salem, from March to May, marks a transition from winter to summer. Average temperatures range from the 30s°F (around 0°C) in March to the 50s and 60s°F (10–20°C) in May. Spring is characterized by the blooming of flowers, the return of foliage, and milder weather, making it an ideal time for outdoor activities.

  1. Summer:

Salem’s summers, from June to August, are warm and can occasionally be hot. Average temperatures range from the 70s°F (21–26°C) in June to the 80s and occasionally 90s°F (27–37°C) in July and August. The coastal influence helps moderate extreme heat, providing residents with a comfortable summer climate. Summer is a popular time for outdoor recreation and community events.

  1. Autumn:

Fall in Salem, spanning from September to November, sees a gradual cooling of temperatures and the changing of foliage. Average temperatures range from the 60s°F (15–21°C) in September to the 40s°F (4–9°C) in November. Fall foliage becomes a prominent feature, attracting residents and visitors alike to enjoy the vibrant colors of the changing leaves.

  1. Winter:

Winters in Salem, from December to February, are cold and can bring significant snowfall. Average temperatures range from the 20s°F (-6 to -1°C) to the 30s°F (around 0°C). Snowfall is common during the winter months, creating a winter wonderland aesthetic. Winter activities, such as skiing and snowmobiling, are popular during the colder months.


Salem receives a moderate amount of precipitation throughout the year, with an average annual rainfall of about 44 inches (1118 mm). Precipitation is relatively evenly distributed across the seasons, with slightly higher amounts during the summer months. Winter brings snowfall, and the town may experience the characteristic snow cover common in the northeastern United States during the colder months.

Influence of Coastal Proximity:

Salem’s proximity to the Atlantic Ocean plays a role in moderating its climate. The ocean acts as a heat sink, absorbing and releasing heat more slowly than land. This moderating effect helps prevent extreme temperature fluctuations, resulting in milder winters and cooler summers compared to inland areas. The coastal influence also contributes to the town’s relatively even distribution of precipitation throughout the year.


Salem may exhibit microclimates within its borders due to variations in elevation, proximity to water bodies, and urban versus suburban settings. Areas near Arlington Pond or the Spicket River may experience slightly different temperature and humidity levels compared to higher elevations or more urbanized sections of the town. These microclimatic variations contribute to the diversity of experiences within Salem.

Climate Change Considerations:

Salem, like many communities worldwide, faces considerations related to climate change. Changes in temperature, precipitation patterns, and the potential for more extreme weather events are areas of concern. The town may be engaged in climate resilience planning, focusing on sustainable practices and infrastructure improvements to address these challenges.


Salem, New Hampshire, boasts a humid continental climate characterized by its four distinct seasons. With a mix of suburban landscapes, historic sites, and natural amenities, residents and visitors can enjoy a diverse range of experiences throughout the year. The town’s proximity to Boston, coupled with its coastal influence, contributes to its unique climate and makes Salem an attractive place to live and visit. As Salem continues to evolve, its climate remains a significant aspect, shaping the lifestyle and experiences of those who call it home.

Salem, New Hampshire