According to Sportsqna.com, Italian immigration was active in England, reaching its peak under Henry VIII and Elizabeth. Andrea Ammonio from Lucca, Henry VIII’s secretary for Latin letters, sang his victories over France in a Latin poem; Polidoro Virgilio from Urbino lived in England and was commissioned by Henry VII to write its history (1534); Petruccio Ubaldini, after having fought for Henry VIII, became the historian of Edward VI; Giovanni Florio was a distinguished philologist and propagator of the knowledge of our literature in Elizabeth’s court. Girolamo Falletti da Trino taught, from about 1534, at the University of Louvain, he described the war of France with the Netherlands in his poem De bello Sicambrico, and then went to Germany, and to Poland; Ludovico Guicciardini, Francesco’s nephew, lived for a long time in the Netherlands and described them. The awakening of the studies in Germany was due, more than to the Italians who emigrated there, to the Germans who from the last thirty years of the 15th century to the whole of the 16th came to study in Italy. The Bolognese Jesuit Angelo Cospi read humanity in the Vienna Studio. Paolo Amalteo di Pordenone was at the court of Maximilian I, who crowned him poet and began to write the exploits of his patron. Valentinian Polydamus lived in Poland in 1543, in which year he published an essay on Hungarian history there; Francesco Stancari from Mantua was a professor of Hebrew in Poland and Prussia. Giovanni Michele Bruto was the Venetian historian of King Stephen Báthory and Rudolf II, for Hungary. Alessandro Guagnino from Verona spent a long time in the Polish army, and wrote a history of Poland in Latin. The Ferrara scholar Celio Calcagnini, in 1517, went to Hungary following Cardinal Ippolito d’Este. The Milanese scholar Girolamo Benzoni no less than fourteen years old, from 1521, lived in America, and wrote a history of the New World.
In the century XVII, Arrigo Caterino Davila militated in France and became the historian of the civil wars of that nation; Ottavio Rinuccini accompanied Maria de ‘Medici, for whose marriage to Henry IV he had written Euridice (1600); GB Marino was the idol of the court of Maria de ‘Medici and then of Louis XIII. Galeazzo Gualdo Priorato from Vicenza (1606-1678), a warrior and diplomat in various countries of Europe and in Brazil, was called to France by Mazarin to write the history of his ministry, and to Vienna to write that of Leopoldo I. Camillo Lilii da Camerino had the title of historian of Louis XIV. Vittorio Siri, Parmesan, historian of contemporary European events, called to France by Louis XIV, had the titles of councilor, almsgiver and historian from the king. The Genoese Giov. Paolo Marana (1642-1693) wrote and published in Paris in 1684 the Espion du Grand Seigneur dans les cours des princes chrétiens , which later served as a model for the Lettres Persanes of Montesquieu. He lived for many years in Spain, and in Vienna, Francesco Pilo Melone of Sassari, an excellent writer in the Spanish language; Giuseppe Camerino da Fano composed Novelas amorosas (1624); member of the private council of Philip IV, who sent him ambassador to England, and the royal historian was the Bolognese Virgilio Malvezzi; Young Paolo Antonio di Tarsia da Conversano moved to Madrid, where he wrote most of his works, in Italian, Latin and Spanish; towards the middle of the 17th century, Giulio Rospigliosi, then Pope Clement IX, was at the Madrid court for seven years, who first adapted Calderón’s plays in a melodramatic form. In Louvain Roberto Bellarmino read theology for seven years; Guido Bentivoglio, who went nuncio to Flanders in 1607, became the historian of the war of Flanders. Important is the home in England of the Dalmatian historian and novelist Giov. Francesco Biondi (1572-1644), the king’s gentleman and author of a history of the wars between the houses of York and Lancaster, which Henry Carey translated. Attendants to the Austrian court, the Perugian Ludovico Aureli wrote a history of the revolution in Germany and Bohemia, the anconitan Prospero Bonarelli composed several plays. Emperor Ferdinand III had Archduke Leopoldo found an Italian academy in Vienna in 1656, which included ten Italian patricians, all living in that court, headed by Raimondo Montecuccoli. Ascanio Triangi from Trentino (1638-1696), regent councilor for Lower Austria, wrote the history of the war against Emperor Leopold I (1693). Giuniano Pierelli was a poet in Vienna, ruling Leopoldo (1658-1705), and wrote the poem Vienna defense . Niccolò Minato from Bergamo, towards the end of the century. XVII inaugurated the series of Caesarean poets in Vienna, which continued until Clemente Bondi, who lived in Vienna until 1821. The Jesuit Giulio Solimani, from Fermo (1595-1639), read philosophy in Prague and was a biographer of the Bohemian kings. In Prague, since Rudolf II of Habsburg had been crowned king of Bohemia (1575), the Italian influence was very strong. Ciro Spontoni from Bologna, waging war in Hungary around 1602, composed a historical work, Actions of the kings of Hungary , which later became the History of Transylvania. Virginio Puccitelli from San Severino, musician and poet, was secretary of Ladislao IV of Poland; and Alessandro Cilli, tenor in the royal chapel of Sigismund III, wrote two works concerning Polish history. Antonio Possevino, apostolic nuncio to Poland, Hungary, Sweden and Muscovy, wrote a diligent description and history of the Muscovite empire, one of the first to see the light on this topic. GB Donato of Venice, a bailiff in Constantinople, wrote observations on the literature of the Turks (1688), which are the first work to appear in Europe on Ottoman culture.