Independent Syria

Independent Syria

The National Party, the bearer of the independence movement, provided S. al-Kuwatli as the state president from 1943 to 1949 and the prime minister several times until 1958. Domestic political instability (several coups between 1949 and 1951) culminated in the military dictatorship of Adib Shishakli (* 1909, † 1964) in 1951. After his fall, H. Atassi took over the post of President in 1954, then al-Kuwatli again (until 1958) in…

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