Melekeok, the capital of Palau, is a small but geographically intriguing region in the western Pacific Ocean. This island nation, located in the Micronesia region, is known for its stunning natural beauty, pristine marine environments, and unique geographical features. In this comprehensive description, we will explore the geography of Melekeok, including its islands, rivers, mountains, and the broader landscape.

Location and Overview: According to, Melekeok is situated on the largest island in Palau, Babeldaob, which is also the second-largest island in Micronesia after Guam. Babeldaob’s location within the Western Pacific Ocean places it in the path of the Pacific typhoon belt, which occasionally affects the region. Melekeok’s geography is characterized by a combination of islands, lush vegetation, marine ecosystems, and rolling hills, all contributing to its unique charm.

Islands and Archipelago:

  1. Babeldaob Island: Babeldaob is the primary island on which Melekeok is located. It is the largest and most populous island in Palau, spanning approximately 329 square kilometers (127 square miles). The island is known for its diverse landscapes, ranging from rugged terrain and dense forests to pristine coastal areas. Babeldaob plays a vital role in Palau’s geography as it hosts the country’s administrative and governmental functions in Melekeok.
  2. Malakal Island: While Melekeok serves as the capital of Palau, much of the economic activity, especially related to tourism and commerce, takes place on Malakal Island, which is situated off the coast of Koror, the country’s commercial hub. Malakal Island is part of the larger Koror Island group, and it’s connected to Babeldaob by a causeway.
  3. Rock Islands: The famous Rock Islands, also known as Chelbacheb, are a collection of limestone islands located to the south of Babeldaob and not far from Melekeok. These unique formations are characterized by their mushroom-like shapes, crystal-clear waters, and vibrant coral reefs. They are an integral part of Palau’s geography, attracting divers and nature enthusiasts from around the world. The Rock Islands are designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for their remarkable natural beauty.

Mountains and Hills: While Palau, including Melekeok, doesn’t have towering mountain ranges like some other regions, it does have significant hills and elevations that contribute to its geography. These include:

  1. Ngerchelong Mountain: Ngerchelong Mountain, also known as Mount Ngerchelong, is one of the highest points on Babeldaob Island. It stands at an elevation of approximately 242 meters (794 feet) above sea level. The mountain offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscape and is a popular hiking destination.
  2. Ngermeskang Hill: This hill is another prominent geographical feature in the Melekeok region. It offers scenic viewpoints and is part of the broader hilly terrain that characterizes the interior of Babeldaob.
  3. Rolling Hills and Lowland Areas: Much of Babeldaob’s landscape comprises rolling hills, lowland areas, and plateaus covered with lush vegetation. These natural features are essential to the island’s ecosystem and provide fertile soil for agriculture.

Rivers and Water Bodies: Melekeok and the surrounding region have a network of rivers, streams, and coastal water bodies, contributing to the island’s geography and ecology. Some of the notable water bodies include:

  1. Ngermeskang River: This river flows through Melekeok and other parts of Babeldaob. It is a vital water source for the region and provides freshwater to support various ecosystems and local communities.
  2. Koror Bay: Koror Bay is a significant coastal water body that separates Babeldaob from the main commercial hub of Palau, Koror. The bay plays a crucial role in the island nation’s maritime activities, including fishing, transportation, and tourism.
  3. Marine Ecosystems: The coastal areas around Melekeok and Babeldaob are rich in marine life, including coral reefs, lagoons, and underwater caves. These ecosystems are an integral part of Palau’s geography and contribute to its status as one of the world’s premier scuba diving and snorkeling destinations. Marine protected areas have been established to preserve the unique biodiversity found in Palau’s waters.

Climate and Weather: Melekeok and Palau experience a tropical rainforest climate, influenced by the warm waters of the Pacific Ocean. The climate is characterized by the following:

  1. High Rainfall: Melekeok and the surrounding areas receive a significant amount of rainfall throughout the year, with a peak during the wet season from July to October. The lush vegetation and vibrant landscapes owe much to this consistent precipitation.
  2. High Humidity: The tropical climate contributes to high humidity levels, which are especially pronounced during the rainy season. The combination of humidity and rainfall supports the region’s diverse flora and fauna.
  3. Typhoon Season: Palau, including Melekeok, is in the path of the Pacific typhoon belt. The typhoon season typically occurs from June to November, with the potential for severe weather events. Typhoons can bring strong winds, heavy rainfall, and coastal flooding.
  4. Trade Winds: Trade winds from the northeast are a significant climatic influence in Palau. These winds contribute to the region’s relatively stable temperatures and consistent weather patterns.

Conclusion: Melekeok, as the capital of Palau, offers a captivating blend of geographical features, from the pristine marine environments of the Rock Islands to the rolling hills and lush vegetation of Babeldaob. The region’s geography is defined by its tropical climate, high rainfall, and a diverse range of landscapes, including hills, rivers, and coastal waters. Melekeok’s unique location in the western Pacific Ocean, surrounded by clear waters and vibrant coral reefs, has made it a prime destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers. Whether you’re interested in exploring the island’s interior, diving in its marine wonderland, or experiencing its tropical rainforests, Melekeok’s geography provides a rich tapestry of natural beauty and outdoor opportunities for residents and visitors alike.