In the northern part of the Mesoamerican cultural area there are many well-known ruined cities. Including the multi-ethnic Teotihuacán. Here was the Aztec Empire with cities such as Tlacopán, Tenochtitlán and Texcoco. The Yucatan Peninsula was home to most of the Mayan culture, including Palenque, Chichén Itzá, Uxmal, Cobá and Tulúm. Cancún in the Yucatán has taken over the leadership role as a tourist destination after Acapulco.
Astronomers and mathematicians – that’s the Mayan culture in a nutshell. There are findings that show that the Mayan culture was active as early as 2500 BC. The culture had its headquarters in what is today the Yucatán Peninsula, parts of Belize, Guatemala and Honduras. Their knowledge of astronomy and mathematics led them to create a very accurate solar calendar. They calculated that the year had 365.2420 days. They also managed to figure out which day of the week on December 31st was 90,000,000 BC!
Peninsula in southern Mexico is the most important in the Mayan culture. Here are the most and largest relics from their period in history. Tulum was an important port city where a lot of trade took place with surrounding cultures. Nearby are unique underground lakes. Chichén Itzá with cosmological pyramids, Uxmal with the Wizard’s pyramid, rainforests, rivers that flow through narrow valleys with rock walls up to 1000m high. Mysterious, beautiful and surprising is a good summary.
Acapulco and Cancún in all its glory but today Cabo San Luca and San José del Cabo on the Baja California peninsula attract more tourists. There is a lot here for a relaxing holiday. Golfers find many fine courses of high class, anglers seek out “Marlin Alley” a celebrity favorite for sea fishing, party animals and siesta seekers all find a getaway here, for water sports there are good winds and waves and diving / snorkeling is done on a fantastic underwater nature reserve.
Baja’s Great Gray Whales.
Make giant friends at sea on Mexico’s Baja Peninsula. Every winter, hundreds of gray whales return to their traditional breeding and nesting grounds in the protected San Ignacio Lagoon on Mexico’s Baja Peninsula. Friendly and contact seekers, they are often interested in people. They swim to our open boats. We get to see mothers “show off” their children, and our small groups can often interact with them up close. The whales entertain us by rolling at the surface and sometimes jumping and hitting and if we are lucky we sometimes also get to see mating rituals. The migration of the Pacific Gray Whales from the Alaska Bering Sea to the warm waters of the Baja Pacific lagoons is the longest mammal migration on earth. After being almost completely exterminated, these gentle giants have made a dramatic return and today show some fear.
According to countryaah, Mexico is the southernmost part of the North American continent and is just over four times as large as Sweden. From the approximately 300 km long border with the USA in the north, the country gradually narrows towards the southeast. At the narrowest point, the Tehuantepec headland, it is only about 200 km between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico.
Short for MX by abbreviationfinder, Mexico is at about the same latitude as the Sahara Desert. Large parts of the northern high plateau and the surrounding mountains also have the character of the semi-desert. However, the large height differences and the location between two oceans provide a very varied climate, where the height above sea level means more than the latitude.
No – a visa is not required for Swedish citizens for up to 180 days of tourist stay. All travelers are advised to take out travel insurance valid for the entire period.
Mexican Peso – MXN
100MXN = 46.03SEK
Spanish is the official language, over 60 Native American languages are national languages (Nahuatl or Aztec, is the largest)
Mandatory – no mandatory entry required.
Recommended – Malaria prophylaxis, Children who have not had or previously been vaccinated against measles, mumps or rubella should be vaccinated against these diseases. Contact your vaccination center for personal needs.